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Diabetes: The Common Viral Disease of This Century

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The Dangerous Disease Diabetes

Diabetes is an abnormal rise in blood sugar, defined as the level of sugar in the blood. This increase in blood glucose can cause more or less long-term damage to various organs, such as eyes, kidneys, nerves, and vessels. Nearly 90% of diabetics live for years with this disease unknowingly because diabetes usually does not cause manifestations for a very long time. According to the WHO, it is mentioned when fasting blood glucose is greater than or equal to 1.26 g / l.

Risk Factors for Diabetes

It is fundamental to know your risk of developing diabetes: in fact, it then makes it possible to try to correct the risk factors, present in more than 75% of cases, and thus prevent the onset of it.

  • Heredity: the attack of one of the parents, a brother or a sister with diabetes is a risk factor
  • High blood pressure
  • A diet too rich
  • A sedentary lifestyle, absence or insufficiency of physical activity
  • Increased cholesterol
  • History of cardiovascular disease: angina pectoris, infarction, arthritis of the lower limbs
  • Smoking: Tobacco use appears to affect the pancreas by increasing insulin resistance. 44% of smokers are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes
  • Alcoholism
  • Diabetes throughout the pregnancy or delivery of a baby whose birth weight was superior to 4 kg
  • Injuries complicated to cure
  • Frequent infections: cystitis, urinary tract disease, fungal infections, boils.
  • Age over 45
  • Overweight
  • BMI: BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by height squared expressed in meters: BMI = weight (kg) / height (m2).
  • Waist circumference: The measurement of the waist circumference is an indication of the existence of a risk factor: Waist circumference of more than 100 cm approximately in the man, waist measurement of more than 88 cm approximately in the woman (outside of pregnancy)


Symptoms of DiabetesThese manifestations may appear suddenly during diabetes:

  • Feeling always thirsty
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • An increase in appetite
  • Slimming
  • Drowsiness
  • Tired
  • Brutal changes in vision
  • Loss of consciousness


The goals of diabetes treatment are to maintain normal blood glucose and hemoglobin less than 7%. The treatment of diabetes adapts throughout the illness.

  • Exercise and adopt a regular physical activity: walking, swimming, cycling…
  • Control your weight
  • Monitor your diet
  • Treat high blood pressure
  • Stop smoking
  • Reduce alcohol
  • Prevention of urinary tract infections, skin infections
  • Monitoring the condition of his feet


In conclusion to avoid this dangerous disease diet control, as well as physical activities, are often sufficient to balance diabetes when complications have not occurred. The treatment of diabetes varies according to each person and the type of diabetes. The type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, is treated with insulin.

Physical activity and nutrition surveillance are an integral part of diabetes treatment. The control and monitoring of risk factors such as overweight, smoking, and alcohol consumption are also essential.

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